What Is Cancer?
Cancer is in fact a group of numerous associated diseases that all pertain to cells. Cells are the really small units that comprise all living things, consisting of the human body. There are billions of cells in each person's body.
Cancer occurs when cells that are not regular grow and spread extremely quickly. Regular body cells grow and divide and know to stop growing. Gradually, they likewise die. Unlike these normal cells, cancer cells simply continue to grow and divide out of control and do not pass away when they're supposed to.
Cancer cells typically group or clump together to form growths (state: TOO-mers). A growing tumor becomes a swelling of cancer cells that can damage the normal cells around the tumor and damage the body's healthy tissues. This can make somebody really sick.
Sometimes cancer cells break away from the original growth and travel to other locations of the body, where they keep growing and can go on to form new tumors. This is how cancer spreads. The spread of a growth to a brand-new location in the body is called metastasis (say: meh-TASS-tuh-sis).
Causes of Cancer
You most likely understand a kid who had chickenpox-- perhaps even you. But you probably do not understand any kids who've had cancer. If you packed a large football arena with kids, most likely only one child in that arena would have cancer.
Medical professionals aren't sure why some people get cancer and others don't. They do know that cancer is not infectious. You can't capture it from another person who has it-- cancer isn't triggered by germs, like colds or the flu are. So don't be scared of other kids-- or anybody else-- with cancer. You can talk with, play with, and hug someone with cancer.
Kids can't get cancer from anything they do either. Some kids think that a bump on the head triggers brain cancer or that bad individuals get cancer. This isn't real! Kids don't do anything wrong to get cancer. But some unhealthy practices, specifically cigarette smoking or drinking too much alcohol every day, can make you a lot more likely to get cancer when you end up being a grownup.
It can take a while for a physician to determine a kid has cancer. That's due to the fact that the signs cancer can trigger-- weight loss, fevers, swollen glands, or feeling excessively exhausted or ill for a while-- generally are not triggered by cancer. When a kid has these problems, it's often caused by something less major, like an infection. With medical screening, the medical professional can find out what's causing the trouble.
If the doctor thinks cancer, she or he can do tests to find out if that's the issue. A medical professional might order X-rays and blood tests and recommend the person go to see an oncologist (say: on-KAH-luh-jist). An oncologist is a physician who looks after and deals with cancer clients. The oncologist will likely run other tests to learn if someone really has cancer. If so, tests can determine what kind of cancer it is and if it has spread to other parts of the body. Based upon the outcomes, the medical professional will choose the very best method to treat it.
One test that an oncologist (or a surgeon) may perform is a biopsy (say: BY-op-see). During a biopsy, a piece of tissue is eliminated from a tumor or a Check out the post right here place in the body where cancer is presumed, like the bone marrow. Do not stress-- somebody getting this test will get unique medication to keep him or her comfy throughout the biopsy. The sample that's gathered will be examined under a microscope for cancer cells.
The quicker cancer is found and treatment begins, the much better somebody's possibilities are for a complete healing and treatment.
Dealing With Cancer Thoroughly
Cancer is treated with surgical treatment, chemotherapy, or radiation-- or often a mix of these treatments. The option of treatment depends upon:
Surgical treatment is the oldest form of treatment for cancer-- 3 out of every 5 people with cancer will have an operation to remove it. During surgery, the doctor tries to take out as many cancer cells as possible. Some healthy cells or tissue may also be gotten rid of to ensure that all the cancer is gone.
Chemotherapy (say: kee-mo-THER-uh-pee) is using anti-cancer medications (drugs) to deal with cancer. These medications are often taken as a tablet, however generally are given through an unique intravenous (say: in-truh-VEE-nus) line, likewise called an IV. An IV is a small plastic catheter (straw-like tube) that is taken into a vein through somebody's skin, generally on the arm. The catheter is connected to a bag that holds the medication. The medication streams from the bag into a vein, which puts the medication into the blood, where it can take a trip throughout the body and attack cancer cells.